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O completare esențială la testamentul lui Avram Iancu (1850)


Gelu Neamțu (1939-2017), the much regretted and much experienced historian of the Romanian revolution in Transylvania (1848-1849), wrote this equally testamentary and prospective article, regarding the fate of his fellow nationals along history (1848-1918-2018). He brings up to mind Avram Iancu’s wellknown words (1850): „My last will is to see my Nation happy, for which I’ve worked until now, to the best of my power ...”. The author explains the sense granted to the word happiness by the great Romanian hero of 1848: a happy nation is a unified nation. A united people is compelling and really happy. A nation knowing its past will have a future, too. As the Centenary of the Great Union of 1918 approached, the old researcher of the Romanians’ revolution of 1848 feared so much the more the destructuration attempts regarding the national state, aimed by a steady offensive against the national symbols of the Romanians, and the brain-washing campaigns performed by unscrupulous historians and highbinders. Gelu Neamțu referrs to manuscript no. 1059, from the Library of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest, that offers detailed information about an unknown aspect of the civil war in Transylvania. It is about Avram Iancu’s fight for Dacoromania in 1848-1849. The document brings proves showing that during the revolutionary years Transylvania fought under arms for the Dacoromanian ideal, which was accomplished in 1918. The presented testimonies include third degree interrogations taken to fighters from Avram Iancu’s folk army (Landsturm), all of them prisoners of war that were executed at the end of fall 1848. Major Gál (Gáál) and commissioner Vörös Antal interrogated Ion Oprea from Ştei, the tribune Ioan Nobili (Nemeş) from Armeni, the „stirrer” (bujtagatás) Adam Goleş and Nicolae Petrovici from Brad, the Orthodox priests Grozav Sinisie from Aciuţa and Farkas Pavel from Pleşcuţa, finding out that they had fought for Avram Iancu’s proclamation, which called the Transylvanian Romanians to arms in order to establish the domination of the Wallachians and the restoration of the Roman-Dacian Empire. The „mysterious” and „compromising” proclamation issued by the „King of the Mountains” could not be discovered yet, as it was either distroyed by the Romanians themeselves, or it was submitted to the emperor in a secret file. The moral of this war episode is, quoting Gelu Neamțu: „So, Romanians ! Don’t give up our national Unity, that Avram Iancu in his testament also considered to belong to our nation’s happiness. A fundamental value”.
Avram Iancu, testament, national unity, Dacoromania, 1848, 1918.